脊椎側彎的風險因子

這是Rosalyn Carson-DeWitt的文章,我用中文在敘述一次。英文好的朋友可以直接看原文
風險因子(risk factor)是指那些會增加你疾病或是病況的可能性。當然你有沒有可能脊椎側彎跟下述各項沒有太大關聯。但如果符合的項目越多,那麼你有脊椎側彎的機會越高,這時候要趕緊找拿起你的健保卡到就近的醫院、診所尋求專業的醫療人員協助了。
年齡:
脊椎側彎最常見於青少年時期。大約是從10歲開始,直到生長板癒合不再發育。
性別:
男孩女孩都可能有些微的脊椎彎曲。但側彎嚴重到需要治療的病人中,女孩子的數量是男孩的十倍。
基因:
若家族成員中有脊椎側彎病史,則罹患該疾病的機率也較高。然而,目前無法根據成員脊椎側彎的程度來預測己身的側彎度。目前,已經有商品藉由基因檢測來預測將來脊椎側彎的嚴重程度。該產品目前應由Depuy 所代為銷售,詳請見先前報導。只是該基因檢驗尚未適用於亞洲人。
病況:
許多的病況都可能讓小孩子有脊椎側彎,這包括了:
1.透納氏症(Turner’s syndrome)
2.肌肉失養症(Muscular dystrophy)
3.小兒麻痺症(Polio)
4.腦性麻痺(Cerebral palsy)
5.馬凡氏症(Marfan syndrome)
6.弗萊德瑞克氏運動失調症(Friedreich’s ataxia)
7.類風溼性關節炎(Rheumatoid arthritis)
8.成骨不全症(玻璃娃娃)(Osteogenesis imperfecta)
9.脊柱分裂(Spina bifida)
10.脊髓脊膜膨出(Myelomeningocele)
最後,這篇文章不能像醫學指引般,告訴你是否患有脊椎側彎,最好的方法,還是拿起健保卡看診,在儀器以及專業的醫療人員協助下釐清疾病,甚至是接受治療。

轉載自(http://raychen.org)

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